The international dimension is part and parcel of the common agricultural policy (CAP), as maintaining a healthy balance of imports and exports is key to safeguarding internal market stability.
In order to ensure the delivery of the CAP objectives, the European Commission collects statistics and produces analyses of agricultural trade and international agri-food policy developments.
Monitoring EU agri-food trade
The monthly agri-food trade report provides the most up-to-date information on imports and exports of EU agri-food products. The series highlights the latest statistics relating to trading relationships and product categories, identifying notable developments and emerging trends.
Annual EU trade with third countries
The European Commission produces a series of country and region based factsheets to provide a comprehensive overview of EU agri-food trade across the world.
The factsheets create a picture of the EU’s agri-food trading relationship with the respective countries and regions by:
- focusing on key agricultural and trade indicators,
- outlining the balance of exports and imports,
- and providing a breakdown of trade by product categories.
Monitoring agri-trade policy
Monitoring agri-trade policy (MAP) is an annual publication that provides in-depth analysis of the dominant issues concerning agri-food policy and agricultural trade in general. The series contains a detailed overview of the international agri-food trade environment, with a focus on key products and partners.
This report evaluates the EU's agri-food trade diversification from 2012-2022. It assesses the EU's dependency for its agri-food supply chains and highlights the reciprocal dependency between the EU and its major trade partners in agri-food trade, thereby preventing supply chain risks and ensuring resilience.
The European Commission and its partners regularly undertake studies to assess the impact of international trade agreements on agriculture. For each trade agreement, the Commission runs impact assessments before the launch of negotiations and sustainability impact assessments during their conduct. The Commission also undertakes cumulative impact studies to analyse the combined impact of the various agreements that are in the process of being signed or negotiated.