The international dimension is part and parcel of the common agricultural policy (CAP), as maintaining a healthy balance of imports and exports is key to safeguarding internal market stability.
In order to ensure the delivery of the CAP objectives, the European Commission collects statistics and produces analyses of agricultural trade and international agri-food policy developments.
Monitoring EU agri-food trade
The monthly agri-food trade report provides the most up-to-date information on imports and exports of EU agri-food products. The series highlights the latest statistics relating to trading relationships and product categories, identifying notable developments and emerging trends.
The latest monthly agri-food trade report shows imports and exports of EU agri-food products in January 2023.
Annual EU trade with third countries
The European Commission produces a series of country and region based factsheets to provide a comprehensive overview of EU agri-food trade across the world.
The factsheets create a picture of the EU’s agri-food trading relationship with the respective countries and regions by:
- focusing on key agricultural and trade indicators,
- outlining the balance of exports and imports,
- and providing a breakdown of trade by product categories.
The European Commission and its partners regularly undertake studies to assess the impact of international trade agreements on agriculture. For each trade agreement, the Commission runs impact assessments before the launch of negotiations and sustainability impact assessments during their conduct. The Commission also undertakes cumulative impact studies to analyse the combined impact of the various agreements that are in the process of being signed or negotiated.
Monitoring agri-trade policy
Monitoring agri-trade policy (MAP) is an annual publication that provides in-depth analysis of the dominant issues concerning agri-food policy and agricultural trade in general. The series contains a detailed overview of the international agri-food trade environment, with a focus on key products and partners.
In 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic caused one of the biggest ever recessions in global economic activity and world trade. The EU economy contracted by 6%, with exports falling by 9% and imports by 12%. Despite this, EU agri-food trade increased to €306 billion. Agri-food imports and exports grew by 0.5% and 1.4% respectively, reinforcing the EU’s position as a global leader in international agri-food trade.
The West-African region is rapidly developing, with a booming population. The provision of basic needs to ensure a balanced diet remains a prerequisite for further growth, prosperity and stability in the region. This brief provides facts and figures on EU poultry exports to West Africa and reflects on key developments of the sector in this area.
The WTO and EU agriculture
Details on how the EU supports the work of the WTO, the Agreement on Agriculture, and EU priorities in agricultural negotiations.
Details on bilateral agreements and agri-food trade between the EU and regions and countries around the world.
Factsheets on EU agri-food trade
Factsheets on EU countries agri-food trade with the world, individual countries and selected regions.
The common agricultural policy
A partnership between EU agriculture and society to ensure a stable supply of affordable food, safeguard income for farmers and keep rural areas vibrant.