Skip to main content
Agriculture and rural development
News article6 July 2021Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development3 min read

Short-term outlook: positive projections confirmed for EU agriculture

STO summer

With significant progress made in the COVID-19 vaccination campaign throughout the EU, food services are reopening and travel restrictions are being progressively lifted. This should have a positive impact on tourism this summer and on EU food consumption overall. Still, uncertainties remain due to the Delta variant of the Covid-19 virus and the capacity to control it.

The summer 2021 edition of the short-term outlook report, published on 6 July 2021 by the European Commission, presents a detailed overview of the latest trends and further prospects for each agri-food sector.

Arable crops

Prices for the main arable crops have been subject to notable variations in spring, driven by a high demand from China and the US and weather-related uncertainties around global production levels.

In 2021/22, EU cereal production is expected to reach 288.7 million tonnes, an increase of 3% compared to last year, thanks to an increase in soft and durum wheat and maize. Similarly, EU oilseed and protein crops production could increase to 30.1 million tonnes (up 9.5% compared to last year) and 4.6 million tonnes (an increase of 6.7%) respectively. EU cereal and oilmeal use for feed is expected to rise, as well as vegetable oils consumption for food and industrial purposes.

Regarding sugar beet, EU production is expected to reach around 110 million tonnes in 2021/22, an increase compared to the 99 million tonnes of the previous marketing year.

Specialised crops

EU olive oil production increased to 2.1 million tonnes in 2020/21, a rise of 7% compared to 2019/20. With expected growing exports (up 7%) and EU demand recovering, stocks of olive oil could fall below 400,000 tonnes. These developments have led to a rise in prices, with EU prices of extra virgin olive oil at above average levels in Spain, Italy and Greece.

EU wine production is above average in 2020/21, at 157 million hectolitres. Still, stocks are expected to remain stable with on one side a recovery of the EU wine consumption, after a record low consumption in 2019/20, and on the other an increased use of vinified production thanks to crisis distillation and growing exports (up by 4% in 2020/21).

As for tomatoes, EU production is expected to increase by 5% in 2021. This growth is mainly driven by the production of tomatoes for processing, which should increase by 9%. The strong demand coupled with low stocks has led to a rise in production in main producing countries: Italy (+5%), Spain (+17%) and Portugal (+11%).

EU production of peaches and nectarines is at a record low for the second consecutive year due to adverse weather conditions. In 2021, total EU production is expected to be at 2.8 million tonnes, a drop of 20% compared to 2020.

Milk and dairy products

After a cold spring, EU milk collection should recover and result in an annual growth of 0.8% in 2021 and reach more than 146 million tonnes. The recovery is expected in coming months, thanks to rainfall in May which should support grass quality and availability .

EU cheese and butter production is expected to slightly grow in 2021, respectively by 0.8% (more than 86,000 tonnes)  and 1% (around 23,000 tonnes). The reopening of food services in the EU should support cheese and butter consumption. Coupled with still a significant amount of people working from home and therefore home cooking which should continue supporting retail sales, EU consumption of cheese and butter could grow by 1% in 2021.

EU production of fresh dairy products is expected to remain stable. This is in particular driven by stable production of drinking milk for which, together with cream, EU exports continue growing, thanks to good Chinese demand.


EU beef production is expected to decrease by 1.3% or 92,000 tonnes in 2021, due to lower demand from food services. However, exports to high-value markets such as Canada and Japan should continue to increase thanks to recent trade agreements.

As for pigmeat, EU production should continue to grow in 2021, a rise of 1.7% or 394,000 tonnes compared to 2020. Even though exports to the UK dropped, overall EU pigmeat exports should grow by 5% in 2021. High prices should compensate the increase in feed prices.

Regarding poultry, with Avian Influenza hitting major EU producers and high feed prices, EU production is expected to decrease by 0.9% or 121,000 tonnes in 2021. EU consumption is expected to increase with food services reopening. However, frozen stocks should partly satisfy that extra demand, leading to a stable apparent consumption.

EU sheep and goat meat production should remain stable in 2021, with a 0.1% or 688 tonnes increase, despite the relatively high prices. In terms of demand, the reopening of food services should have a positive impact for the second half of 2021.