CAP Strategic Plans contribute to climate action, the protection of natural resources, the preservation and enhancement of biodiversity, as well as strengthen the socio-economic fabric of rural areas.
The European Commission’s latest assessment confirms the important role of these national plans to support EU agriculture in the transition to a sustainable farming system, as well as farmers’ income and food security.
At a glance
The common agricultural policy (CAP) 2023-27 entered into force on 1 January 2023. This marked the beginning of the implementation of the 28 approved CAP Strategic Plans in 27 EU countries (EU members have one Strategic Plan each, except Belgium, which has one for Flanders and one for Wallonia).
In November 2023, the European Commission published an assessment of CAP Strategic Plans delivery on CAP objectives. The report relies on the information contained in the CAP national plans as well as on qualitative appraisals of the potential effects of the choices made by EU countries. This preliminary assessment summarises the combined contributions of the interventions planned by EU countries to address the CAP specific objectives and the six EU-wide Green Deal targets on:
- Fairer income for farmers and keeping rural areas vibrant;
- Environment and climate action;
- Social sustainability and societal expectations such as animal welfare.
The report also acknowledges areas for which the Plans collectively could have showed higher level of ambition or pursued more optimal approaches.
The Commission’s assessment draws on the studies carried out by an external body:
- Mapping and analysis of CAP Strategic Plans. Assessment of joint efforts for 2023-27
- Executive summary of the mapping and analysis of the CAP Strategic Plans
The assessment also builds on the Commission’s overview of the approved CSPs:
- Press release
Today, European Commission's report confirms the important role of CAP Strategic Plans for maintaining farmers' income and food security, while supporting EU agriculture's transition to a sustainable farming model in the 2023-27 period.
CAP Strategic Plans by country
The links guide you to the overview of the CAP Strategic Plan approved by the European Commission for each EU country, including all the documents relating to the formal approval process.
This document provides a detailed overview of the 27 EU members’ key elements and choices in their approved national plans. It also responds to requests for information to summarise what plans contain and aim to deliver.
Role of CAP Strategic Plans
EU countries implement the CAP 2023-27 with a CAP Strategic Plan at national level. Each Plan combines a wide range of targeted interventions addressing the specific needs of that EU country and deliver tangible results in relation to EU-level objectives, while contributing to the ambitions of the European Green Deal.
During the approval process, the Commission assessed whether the EU countries’ CAP Strategic Plans contribute to, and are consistent with, EU legislation and commitments in relation to climate and the environment, including those laid out in the Farm to Fork and Biodiversity strategies.
The Commission supported EU countries throughout the preparation of their CAP Strategic Plan so that:
- EU countries take full advantage of the CAP 2023-27 and its instruments to support their farmers in the transition towards increased sustainability in our food systems.
- Each CAP Strategic Plan includes an intervention strategy explaining how each EU country will use CAP instruments to achieve the CAP objectives, in keeping with the Green Deal ambitions.
- 1 January 2023
Entry into force of the common agricultural policy 2023-27 with the beginning of the implementation of the CAP Strategic Plans in the 27 EU countries.
- 14 December 2022
Approval of all 28 Strategic Plans (one for each EU country and two for Belgium) by the Commission marking the start of the new Common Agricultural Policy, scheduled on 1 January 2023.
- By 31 May 2022
The Commission completed sending observation letters relating to all 28 draft CAP Strategic Plans that were submitted by EU countries.
- 31 December 2022
Deadline for the 27 EU members to submit their CAP Strategic Plans.
- By 31 December 2020
The Commission provided each EU country with tailor-made recommendations relating to its strategic plan for the common agricultural policy.
The approval process was based on the criteria laid down in Regulation (EU) 2021/2115 establishing rules on support for strategic plans to be drawn up by EU countries under the common agricultural policy (CAP Strategic Plans).
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