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Agriculture and rural development

Middle East – Gulf countries

Overview of the EU's agricultural trade with Middle East and Gulf regions.

Overview

The Gulf Cooperation Council countries – Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates – are important markets for EU agricultural exports.

The EU exports mainly:

  • cereal preparations 
  • cigars and cigarettes
  • dairy products 
  • odoriferous substances 
  • cereals (mainly barley and wheat)
  • chocolate and sugar confectionery
  • food preparations.

Gulf Cooperation Countries (GCC) are a major destination for EU exports of barley, particularly to Saudi Arabia.

EU imports from GCC are rather negligible and mainly consist of:

  • animal or vegetable oils
  • live animals.

Related information

EU-Gulf region trade

Other Middle East countries

The main exported products to other Middle East countries – Iran, Iraq and Yemen – include:

  • cigars and cigarettes
  • wheat
  • cereal preparations
  • preparations used in animal feeding
  • dairy products
  • poultry meat.

The import side is dominated by:

  • nuts (mainly pistachios from Iran)
  • raw hides and skins
  • animal products (unfit for human consumption)
  • fresh or dried fruits.

Related information

Agri-food trade with Iran

EU-Iran trade

EU-Iraq trade

Agri-food trade statistics

Agri-food trade statistical factsheet – Bahrain
English
(322.51 KB - PDF)
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Agri-food trade statistical factsheet – Iran
English
(422.78 KB - PDF)
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Agri-food trade statistical factsheet – Kuwait
English
(324.6 KB - PDF)
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Agri-food trade statistical factsheet – Oman
English
(359.5 KB - PDF)
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Agri-food trade statistical factsheet – Qatar
English
(327.77 KB - PDF)
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Agri-food trade statistical factsheet – Saudi Arabia
English
(435.44 KB - PDF)
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Agri-food trade statistical factsheet – United Arab Emirates
English
(427.56 KB - PDF)
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